Les populismes en Europe centrale et orientale au XXe siècle

Depuis les années 1990, plusieurs mouvements politiques qualifiés de « populistes » ont émergé en Europe centrale et orientale. Pourquoi ces mouvements attirent-ils autant ? Pour le comprendre, deux journées d’études leur sont consacrés les 11 et 12 mai 2017, à Paris.

Since the 1990s, several political movements qualified as “populist” have emerged in Central and Eastern Europe, drawing the attention of political scientists. If we want to understand why these movements exercise such attraction and why they are so relentless in this space, it is necessary to cross the study of current politics with the analysis of long term developments. Indeed, since the 19th century, Central and Eastern Europe has known several movements and political parties that have called themselves or have been labelled as "populist". In this sense, the long-term approach allows considering the similarities and the differences, according to different contexts and periods, and identifying the reasons and the mechanisms of action of these movements. At last, this historical approach helps to consider the specificity - if there is any specificity - of these movements in Central and Eastern Europe and to evaluate their impact on political cultures of the region.



EHESS - Room M. et D. Lombard - 96 boulevard Raspail - 75006 Paris, France

Thursday 11 May 2017

09h00-09h15 Welcome of Participants 


09h15-09h30 Introduction

Roman Krakovsky (Global Studies Institute, Université de Genève / CERCEC, EHESS / LabEx Tepsis)


09h30-10h45 Session 1. Defining Populism in Central and Eastern Europe

Jacques Rupnik (CERI/Sciences Po), Populism in Central and Eastern Europe and its Post-1989 Forms

Roger Griffin (Oxford Brookes University), The Ambivalence of 'the People' as a Source of Political Legitimation: Contemporary Right-Wing Populism in Historical Perspective

Chairs: Jan Rovny (CEE-LIEPP/Sciences Po), Catherine Durandin (Inalco)


10h45-11h00    Break


11h00-13h00 The Representation of Political Community

Federico Tarragoni (Université Paris-Diderot), “The Populism is a Page of European Socialism”. Reconsidering the Sociohistoric Debate about Narodnischestvo

Wim van Meurs (Radboud Universiteit), Peasant Parties and Populism in Eastern Europe at the Turn of the Century

Reana Senjković (Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research in Zagreb), Socialist Populism Yugoslaw Way?

Traian Sandu (Université Sorbonne Nouvelle), Ceausescu and the Building of the Myth of Socialist Nation in Romania

Chairs: Irina Gridan (Inalco), Georges Mink (ISP/College of Europe)


13h00-14h00 Lunch Break


14h00-16h00 Session 3. Populism in Action

Xavier Galmiche (Université Paris-Sorbonne), A Populist Humour?

Estelle Bunout (Université de Lorraine), A Populism of Knowledge? Olgierd Górka's Polemics with the Tenants of a Polish Conservative Discourse (1930-1955)

Raul Cârstocea (European Centre for Minority Issues), The Populist Elements in the Ideology and Practices of the Legionary Movement in Interwar Romania

Chairs: Jean-Charles Szurek (ISP/Université de Paris 10), Yves Cohen (CRH, EHESS) 


Friday 12 May 2017

10h00-12h00 Session 4. The Constitution of People

Marius Turda (Oxford Brookes University), Race and National Community in Interwar Romania

Mate Zombory (Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Populism and Democracy. The Constitution of the Political Community in Early Post-War Hungary

Attila Antal (Eötvös Loránd University), Communist Populism in Hungary

Chairs: Paul Gradvohl (Université de Lorraine), Clara Royer (CEFRES & Université de Paris-Sorbonne)


12h00-12h30    Conclusions


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Organisation: Roman Krakovsky (Global Studies Institute, University of Geneva / CERCEC, EHESS / LabEx Tepsis) – roman.krakovsky@ehess.fr


This workshop is generously funded by Centre d’études turques, ottomanes, balkaniques et centrasiatiques (EHESS/CNRS, Paris, France), Centre d’études des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-européen (EHESS/CNRS, Paris, France), Centre d’Histoire de l’Europe centrale contemporaine (Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, France), Centre français de recherche en sciences sociales (MAEDI/CNRS, Prague, Czech Republic), Global Studies Institute (Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland), Institut d’histoire du temps présent (CNRS, Paris, France), Institut des sciences sociales du politique (CNRS, Paris, France) and LabEx Tepsis (Paris, France).



Photo : Cornéliu Zéléa Codréanu, le chef de la Garde de fer roumaine, lors d'un ralliement populaire dans les années 1930.